The word ‘framework’ generally means a kind of base for any kind of construction. In the world of web design and development, it basically means the same. What it does is to provide a sort of structure to begin the work on any website. It is made by compiling HTML and CSS and acts as a support for the web developers.
The basic purpose of having a framework for your website is to have certain standardized codes which are common for any website. Thus, while building a website, one doesn’t have to start from the very beginning and can instead rely on these codes. Hence, frameworks make it a lot easier for them and also save their time and effort.
There was a time when web developers had to all the coding right from the scratch and making a website would turn out to be a long and tedious process. But, today these frameworks provide a foundation to begin their work. As a result, these responsive frameworks have become not a luxury, but a necessity today. Web developers prefer responsive frameworks over the non-responsive ones as they help in creating better app designs.
Now, let us take a look at some of the best frameworks for a responsive website!
Bootstrap is by far the most popular responsive framework out there. It has various templates based on CSS and HTML for numerous purposes such as image, navigation, forms etc. According to w3schools.com, Mark Otto and Jacob Thornton developed Bootstrap and it was released in August 2011. It is extremely easy to use Bootstrap with very limited HTML and CSS knowledge. Hence, developers can build the websites without making it too technical. Also, it comes with a guide (user manual) which helps the new developers to go about with web designing and development. Its responsive features go with phones, PCs, and tablets and all the popular browsers are in sync with it.
Along with Bootstrap, Foundation is also considered to be an excellent framework. It was released in the year 2011 and has been managed by ZURB since. Foundation is a very responsive framework which has various templates for mobile phone applications and websites. It is extremely easy to master and new users will find themselves quite capable of using it. Just like Bootstrap, it also serves several purposes such as navigation, layouts etc.
Gumby is a strong and responsive framework for web development and design. It has several exciting features such as the UI kit, adjustable grid, images which put it right there with all the other top frameworks. The SASS element in it makes it fast and efficient. It can also be customized to suit any web developer’s needs. However, Gumby should be used by only experienced developers who know everything about coding. Along with HTML and CSS, one would also need to have enough knowledge of SASS and Node to use it.
Pure is a comparatively easier and lighter alternative to Bootstrap. It has all the necessary features that are needed for being a responsive website framework. It is extremely small and doesn’t take up a lot of space in your system. It has been designed with minimal style keeping in mind the various requirements of web developers. It is perfect for smaller works which do not need a lot of components, just a few specific ones. It is customisable and can be used according to the requisites of the projects. Also, it can be used in sync with some elements of Bootstrap.
Skeleton is a responsive framework suitable for smaller projects which do not require large frameworks. It’s rather light with just 400 lines of code and is perfect for creating websites for PCs as well as mobiles. It only has some basic components to keep it easy and simple. If one needs more, one can always customize the CSS. The grid has been kept small to make it fit into any screen. The syntax is also very basic so as to make writing easier for the developers. The buttons and inputs are of the same height, so they can be placed easily with each other.
Semantic UI is a front-end responsive framework which is extremely lightweight and user-friendly. Its aim is to help developers by having a proper language in order to share UI. Unlike the other frameworks, it uses real words instead of just abbreviations. Its structure is completely different in the sense that it uses some explanatory categories for defining UI components. It is systematically structured as it names and describes all of its components along with naming its classes. Semantic UI also gives you some unique features which you will not find in the other frameworks. It is highly customizable as it only provides you with a basic style, leaving you to decide how much you would want to use and how much you would want to change. Its popularity has been growing rapidly with the developers as it is extremely easy-to-use and rich as well.
Montage is a framework that helps to develop HTML applications. It is modern in the sense that it develops applications keeping in mind the needs of the future. These HTML applications are compatible with PCs as well as mobile phones. Montage provides a whole lot of scope for web developers. Its main features include HTML templates, data binding, event management etc. It has the Skeleton theme which can be customized as per your needs and requirements.
According to a number of articles and reviews, Cascade is one of the best responsive frameworks right now. It provides an easier alternative to Bootstrap and Foundation. Cascad is compatible with the old as well as the new browsers. It has a certain theme but you can customize it according to your needs. Cascade also has a number of higher level components which can be used in a number of ways.